DIY : MAKE NATURAL CREAM AT HOME                                        

Natural ingredients are always welcome. Skin would love to be pampered with natural stuff.  Making a batch of cosmetic at home can be super fun. Ingredients are under your control. Customization can happen according to one’s need.

So, let’s get started.

MAIN TWO INGREDIENTS:

All you need is Aloe Vera gel and oils. Blend them well. Your cream is ready. Yes it’s that’s easy.

Oils and Alovera

In case of dry skin one can go for concoction of oils like; almond oil, vitamin E oil, coconut oil, castor oil, mustard oil, flaxseed oil. Amount of each oil can vary. One can choose according to one’s need.

Normal or oily skin people can choose the lighter oil. Avoid heavy oils like castor oil.

There is no fixed quantity. One can adjust and play around with that. People with oily skin can have more of aloevera and less of oils. On the other hand, people with dry skin can have the other way round.

Blend Oils and Alovera gel well to form a cream

PRESERVATIVE :

Since our preparation has a water base: aloe vera, adding a preservative is must. Few drops of liquid 0.5% Germall plus would be enough.It’s a broad spectrum preservative. Rough guide would be: add 1gm Germall plus to 100 gm of product.

FRAGRANCE:

Adding few drops of essential oils add a nice aroma to your preparation. People with extremely sensitive skin are better off without essential oils. For essential oils are known to cause allergy in some. In caseyou are not allergic, go ahead and add some.

Emulsifiers are not needed. Just blend aloe vera and oils well. Blending them well is a must.

People suffering from eczema, allergic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis must apply these hydrating creams at least twice a day.

Flax seed oil contains omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids. Excellent for repairing damaged skin.

Vitamin E is an excellent antioxidant.

Coconut oil is great hydrating agent.

In case rancid aroma starts coming, that means oils have oxidized. Better to discard and make a new batch.

One can put them into different jars or case. Gift them toyour loved ones. And enjoy using them for yourself.

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GUIDLINES FOR CHOOSING A SUNSCREEN:

A good sunscreen should have the following features:

1. BROAD SPECTRUM SUNSCREEN

a) Presence of ingredients giving protection against UVA rays ( oxybenzone , avobenzone)

b) Presence of ingredients giving protection against UVB rays (octinoxate , salicylates)

Sunrays contain UVA and UVB. A good sunscreen should contain ingredients giving protection to both. If it has both the ingredients, broad spectrum sunscreen would be printed on it.

2. Presence of both organic and inorganic components

Organic: work by absorbing UV rays (UVA and UVB filters mentioned above)

Inorganic: work by reflecting UV rays (zinc oxide, titanium dioxide)

3.  SPF (Sunburn protection factor)

SPF is Measure of protection against UVB rays

SPF                                         % of protection provided

15                                           93

30                                           97

50                                            99

Minimum SPF should be 15 and maximum 50. SPF beyond this is just a marketing gimmick.

4. PA

PA Measure of protection against UVA rays. Given as PA +, PA ++, PA+++. More the stars,  more the protection.

5. Substantivety is Sweat or Water Resistant

Sunscreen is labeled as: water resistance if it maintains SPF after 40 minutes of water immersion.

Sunscreen is labeled as: very water resistance if can persist after 80 minutes of water immersion.

If you indulge in water sports or activities which entails lots of sweating better chose the ones with water resistant labeled on them.

6. Non Comedogenic or Non Oily

People with oily skin should choose one with non comedogenic labeled on it. It means it has lesser chances of leading to pimple formation.

People with dry or normal skin can chose one meant for their skin type. Skin type would be mentioned on sunscreen.  

7. Non allergic:  means it has lesser tendency to cause allergic reaction. People with sensitive skin should buy one with no fragrance.

8. Presence of micronized technology leading to better cosmetic appeal:

Certain ingredients like titanium dioxide are responsible for whitening effect seen after sunscreen application. If present in micro sized particles then whitening effect mitigates. Thus, sunscreen has a  better cosmetic appeal.

GUIDLINES FOR USING A SUNSCREEN

 WHAT IS THE RIGHT QUANTITY OF APPLICATION?

 Tablespoon method has to be followed:

Little more than half table spoon for: face, neck, each arm respectively.

Little more than one tablespoon for:  each leg, back, chest

Total of 35 ml or 6 tablespoons for entire body.  It amounts to application of 2mg/cm 2.

2. Timings of application:

Sunscreen has to be applied at least 20 minutes before going out in sun for it takes that much time for a sunscreen to get start working. Once applied, it works only for 2 to3 hours, so one has to re apply it after every 3 hours. No need to wash face every time before reapplication.

3. Sunscreen use in children: Not recommended for infants younger than 6 months. Sunscreen application is considered safe after six months of age.

4. To enhance the cosmetic appeal: In case one feels oily even after applying  a non oily sunscreen , dab compact powder over face to absorb excess oiliness and get that matt finish. Choose micronized labeled sunscreen to avoid whitish tinge left after application of sunscreen.

BRANDS OF SUNSCREEN

1. < 500 INR                                                                      SPF          

1. Cetaphil UVA/UVB defense by Galderma                50

2. Melagard By Abott                                                      50

3. Suncote gel by Curatio                                                30

4. Sunproteck by Salve                                                     50                                                             

5. Ultra sheer dry touch by Nuetrogena                       50                                                              

2. 500 to 1500 INR

1. Capital Soleil dry touch                                               50                                        

2. Photoderm Max fluid                                                                                              

3. Photoderm Max cream                                             50                                          

4. La shield sunscreen gel by Galderma                      40                                         

3. > 1500

Anthelios by LA ROCHE POSAY                                     60                                       

CHEMICAL FREE BRANDS CLAIMING TO BE 70 TO 90 % NATURAL

  1. ARYANVEDA – www.aryanveda.com
  2. PERRENE – www.perennecosmetics.com

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                                                          BETNOVATE – SKIN AND STEROIDS

Betnovate and similar creams: Betnovate N , Betnovate C ,Panderm ,  Quardiderm , Forderm, Halovate Gm , Candid – B etc. are steroids. They easily available OTC. They are promoted by chemists, saloons and non dermatologists.

Steroids when applied to skin, heals almost every disease right from fungus infections, to acne to skin darkness.  Results are visible within few days. This has lead to their wide spread misuse. But one needs to know: the moment a person stops applying these creams, the disease flares up like never before. Person reuses them to cure the skin condition. Skin heals. Again same flare up happens after stopping. Thus, a person is caught up in a vicious circle. If one continues to use them for long, following side effects can occur:

Skin thinning,  visible blood vessels, excessive hair growth, permanent skin darkening or white patches, appearance of stretch marks etc.

Side effects of steroids : Skin Darkening
Side effects of steroids : Visible Blood Vessels

And it’s very difficult to reverse the side effects of steroids. Even best of lasers and medicines fail to cure the damage at times.

So should one never use steroids?

Steroids should be used only under dermatologist advice. It’s not that they should never be used. Certain skin conditions require steroids for treatment. A dermatologist would prescribe where they are medically required. He/she would supervise the treatment and would stop when needed. Under professional guidance they are safe.

What are the skin conditions which require steroids for treatment?

Cream based steroids are prescribed for DLE (discoid lupous erythmatosus), eczema , vitiligo, morphea, LSEA etc. Oral steroids are prescribed for various autoimmune skin conditions : DLE, bullous disorgers, severe skin reactions like steve Johnson’s etc.  A dermatologist can recognize these conditions and prescribe whenever required.

 

To conclude: Don’t be scared of steroid. Do use them when a dermatologist prescribe them .Never ever use them without a dermatologist advice.

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                                                       VITAMIN C  SERUM 

 

Why do we need to apply Vitamin C based cream?

Most plants and animals synthesize their own vitamin C, but not humans.  Thus, Vitamin C needs to be consumed from outside by humans. Oral vitamin C consumed leads to only limited increase in skin concentration. Thus, Vitamin C needs to be applied on skin to increase its concentration their.

 How does Vitamin C benefits skin?

Vitamin C helps skin in more than one way:

  1. On sun exposure i.e. when UV rays falls on skin, oxygen free radicles are generated in skin which leads to skin ageing. Vitamin C destroys these free radicles thus prevent ageing due to skin ageing.
  2. Enhances collagen production: Collagen are the building blocks of the skin responsible for it’s strength and tightness. Once they get fragile because of ageing and sun exposure, skin becomes loose and wrinkled. Regular application of vitamin C has been shown to boost collagen production.
  3. Helps reduce skin pigmentation and darkness.
  4. Because of it’s anti – inflammatory properties, it helps in acne management too.

 

How to choose a correct vitamin C cream?

Vitamin C is available in three forms:

1) L ascorbic acid:

2) Ascorbyl-6-palmiate

3) Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate

L-ascorbic acid: Maximum vitamin C based creams contain 5 to 20 % of this form. Maximum concentration for skin absorption is 20 %. Concentration more than this doesn’t increase skin penetration. Penetration in skin is possible only at ph-3.5 which is an acidic PH, thus mild burning on Vitamin C application is normal. It gets oxidized on exposure to air and turns yellow, so discard it if it turns yellow.

WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY IT ?

Its best applied at night time. One can use vitamin C based cream at night . If one is using some other anti ageing creams at night especially the one containing retinoids. Which are supposed to be applied at night only, apply vitamin C cream alternate night. Else apply during day. First apply vitamin c cream , later a moisturiser or a sunscreen . Both can be applied immediately after vitamin C.

WHAT ARE THE SIDE EFFECTS OF VITAMIN C CREAMS ?

Few may experience mild stinging sensation on application. usually it goes off in a week .

Some may start getting few zits or eruptions. Try changing the brand. If it still continues , stop using vitamin C .

WHAT IS THE COST OF VITAMIN C CREAMS?

A good vitamin C serum would cost anywhere between 1000 INR to 2000 INR . It would last for a month.

WHAT ARE THE BEST BRANDS FOR VITAMIN C IN INDIA ?

There are lots of good brands . Just to name a few:

VC 15 serum by cipla .

Vit C serum by sesderma

Enhance 25 by Fixderma .

WHICH IS BETTER – VITAMIN C SERUM OR CREAM ?

Serums are meant for oily skin. Cream for normal to dry skin. Else no difference in effectivity.

HOW TO MAKE VITAMIN C AT HOME ?

I came across a lot of articles and you tube videos mentioning about making Vitamin c serums at home by crushing an oral vitamin C tablet at home and mixing it in cream . It doesn’t work because vitamin C is not in such a form that it can penetrate skin . Also maintaining its stability is a big issue. better purchase the one available in market.

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 BEST ANTI AGEING CREAM

One often wonders what should one apply to delay signs of ageing ?

The main ingredient  of all anti ageing creams is – Vitamin A. It’s also called retinoid. Main retinoid present in majority of antiageing creams is – tretinoin.

As wall is made of bricks, skin is made up of collagen. Collagen is the main strength providing block of skin. As collagen becomes weak, skin becomes loose.  Ageing, sun, stress, junk foo , lack of exercise are the key causative reasons behind collagen weakening.

Vitamin A or retinoids boosts new collagen production. As new collagen forms skin becomes tight and bright. It also keeps exfoliating the superficial dead layer of skin. The pigment formed due to excessive sun exposure sheds off with superficial dead skin. Thus,  keeping the pigmentory changes under check.

Few things to be kept in mind:

One needs to apply it for few months before appreciating  visible results.

It has to be applied only at night, not during day time.

Not be applied when pregnant.

Anybody after 28 years can start applying it.

Apply it in very little quanity.

In case one feels dry after its application, apply a moisturizer immediately above it.

It’s best to immediately follow it up with one minute massage in upward, outward direction .Use any good moisturizer. That completes the night anti ageing at home regimen.

Other ingredients:

Other ingredients of anti ageing creams acts as adjuvant. It’s better if they are also there. If not,  it’s okay. Just make sure retinoid is always there. Other ingredients present are:

  1. Vitamin C
  2. Hyaluronic Acid
  3. Vitamin E
  4. Ferulic acid
  5. Vitamin K
  6. Hexapeptides

So do apply anti ageing creams at night regularly to delay sign of ageing.

Few of the recommended brands of anti ageing cream are as follow:

  1. Revibra A 15 cream by Dr. Reddy’s
  2. EGA cream by Curatio
  3. Retilift cream by Apple
  4. Rezoxy night cream by Palson.
  5. Reticuram by Fixderma

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BEAUTY PRODUCTS – NEVER BUY THESE

Not all beauty products are meant to bought. Some needs to be ignored. Because they can harm the skin. Let’s check out the list :

  1. LOOFAH: It can be bought. But never use it on daily basis. Use it maximum once a week . Loofah use creates micro injuries to skin. When used on daily basis , accumulative skin damage can lead to amyloidosis. Amyloidosis is kind of skin pigmentation. Worst part, once it comes , it does not respond to treatment. Prevention is the cure.
loofah
  1. HAIR REMOVAL CREAMS: Never ever use them. Their use can cause skin pigmentation. Hair removal creams are very strong chemicals. Thus, they irritate the skin. Discolouration can happen even after single use. In certain people it may happen after multiple use.
  2. RAZORS: Avoid razors for hair removal . Especially for fine hair on face. Hair growth becomes thicker after razor. Don’t be afraid to us them before laser hair reduction. Because laser is ultimately killing the hair permanently. So , switch to other methods for hair removal like waxing or laser.
  3. PIMPLE POPPER MACHINES : Where the hell did they find their way on amazon ? I was surprised to see them. Every dermatologist would advise you not to burst the pimple. Else, they would surely leave a scar.

  1. SKIN WHITENING CREAMS : Detanning can happen. That’s what one should aim for. Detanning also improves complexion. Skin whitening creams should be avoided , especially the ones containing steroids. Steroid application may initially brighten up your skin , but would finally damage it. It may also darken it . Check out for momtasone, fluticonasole etc. in ingredients. Avoid the cream if these steroids are present. Many brands may not mention there presence in ingredients , but may have added in formulation. Thus, stay away from fairness creams. No cream can cause fairness.

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SKIN CARE PRODUCTS AFTER 30 YEARS 

Plethora of skin care products are available in market. Right knowledge of the ingredients can help one choose the right products. Skin need is different at different ages. After 30 is the perfect time to start anti ageing regimen. Let me tell you which ingredients shall one look out for.

Morning routine: 

  1. Wash face with SLS free soaps or face wash. SLS is a strong chemical present in soaps, which damages the skin in long run.
  2. Apply a serum or cream containing the following two ingredients:
  3. Hyaluronic acid : It’s a transparent gel already present in our skin. It absorbs 1000 times more water. Thus, keeps the skin hydrated. Also gives the much desired glow to skin. 1 to 2% should be present.
  4. Vitamin C : Also known as ascorbic acid. 15 to 20 percent should be present. It helps skin make new collagen . collagen is the main building block of skin. When it weakens with age, skin becomes loose and friable. Also it reduces facial pigmentation.
  5. On top of you can apply  moisturizer, in case of dry skin. Do a one minute self massage every time you apply a moisturizer. this helps one age gracefully by increasing the blood flow.
  6. Make up can be applied last.

Night routine:

  1. Wash face with SLS free soaps or face wash.
  2. Remove make up with cotton dabbed in alcohol free rose water . Don’t use the commercial make up removers. Avoid as much chemical exposure as possible.
  3. Apply retinoid or tretinoin containing anti – ageing cream. Retinoids is the main ingredient of any anti ageing cream. It’s responsible for collagen boasting in skin. All other ingredients like mulberry extract etc. are adjuvents. They are present good, if not it’s perfectly fine. Don’t use if planning pregnancy, or pregnant.
  4. Moisturizer
HYALURONIC ACID

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